Intern Training Materials



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1/14-1/20 - Climate

We have 2 new trembling aspens that have been doing well despite the initial transplant and our recent high winds. 

Suddenly the outer edges of the leaves are darkened and dry on one tree and the other one has the outer edges of the leaves turning light brown and very dry.   Both trees look like they will lose all leaves despite having a few spots of budding new growth. 

Let me know if I should attach photos. 


1/21 – 1/27 - Soil Properties and Building Healthy Soils

We are starting a home vegetable garden this year and believe we would benefit from getting a soil analysis completed. Our soil is mostly sand so we recently tilled compost purchased from our local farmer’s market.

We think the final soil ratio is 20% sand, 80% compost. The Village Mercantile told me that the compost is made up of ground bark and composted steer manure which has “cooled off” for at least 120 days. The Village Mercantile folks thought that the 20/80 mix that I have should be good for a vegetable garden and didn’t think any further supplements/fertilizer would be necessary. 

So here are my questions:

1) Do you think I should add any other supplements or fertilizer to the soil?

2) Should I send 2 cups to Colorado and have a soil test performed for the $35 fee (per the Sandoval County Extension office form)?

Any other thoughts/comments would be welcomed. Thank you for your advice.

1/28 – 2/3 - Basic Botany: Plant Forms, Parts, & Functions How Trees Grow

Good evening,

I have been referred by the Sandoval County Extension office regarding my ash tree that I believe has gall. I have attached a picture. I am hoping that there is a way to treat the tree. It is beautiful and I do not want to lose it.
GallGall 2Ash Tree with Gall

2/4 – 2/10 - Plant ID

I have several New Mexico olives (Foresteria neomexicana). I am trying to understand which plants are male and which are female. They are currently in flower and what I am seeing is flowers with both pistils and stamens in the same flower, and on top of that there are multiple pistils in each flower. Dioecious plants are not supposed to do that. I have searched the Internet for a good botanical illustration of these flowers, but can’t find one. Do you possibly have a reference you can pass along?

2/18-2/24 - Integrated Pest Management Basics
These larvae/caterpillars have decimated my Virginia Creeper. What are they? I assume they are not a beneficial insect once beyond the larval stage.
Thanks for your help and advice.
Integrated Pest Management
2/11-2/17 Entomology

We have lots of these.

What are they? How should we treat them?

Entomology - bug ID
Entomology - bug ID
Entomology - bug ID

2/25 – 3/3 - Plant Pathology and Diagnostics

I am forwarding this from someone who sent it to me. Hope I have enough info. He says it’s a cottonwood and all the bark is peeling off where these red spots and streaks are. The tree is about 25′ tall, front yard, east side of house. Tree is not a cotton producer ( can’t ever remember which ones do/ don’t) . The second photo is ” pod clusters” that are on the tree and falling off intact like photo. They are “gooey, sticky” he said.

3/4-3/10 - Fruit Trees, Berries, Nuts

My cherry tree is in terrible shape and I don’t know why? Help!

3/11-3/17 - Water cycle, watering the yard, and garden passive water saving techniques

Hello! I’ve recently moved to New Mexico from Colorado where I had sprinklers for my lawn. Here we have a drip line system and I’m unsure about what I need to do to winterize it.  With the sprinklers we used an air compressor to blow out all of the lines.  What is recommended here?

3/25 – 3/31 - Ornamentals

I am trying to grow milkweed to support Monarchs. I have planted 4 asclepias tuberosa. Two of them get full sun all day, and two get sun for 8 hours. The two who get shade in the afternoon are healthier.   They are all on drip watering (3 times a week for 30 min.)  Is it possible to overwater? What size emitter do you suggest? Don’t these usually do better with all day sun? When are Monarchs around?

4/15 – 4/21 - Turf Selection and Care

My wife and I recently put down grass sod on Thursday, 31-August. We bought sod from Just Sprinklers in Rio Rancho. My wife was told this was a good time to put down sod. Do you agree?

The reason I am asking is – I’m attaching photos – that the lawn showed very brown dead looking patches the very next day. The store told me this is normal and just shock. Do you agree?

They told us to water 3x a day with sprinklers for 10-15 minutes over each section. After a week water 2x a day, and by the third week water 1x a day.

We did as instructed and put down four bags of soil mixed with one bag on peat moss.

If someone would like to text/call my cell phone I would be happy to provide more detail and take any advice you have. I greatly appreciate your time and experience with this matter.

My wife wanted grass and I’m the husband who doesn’t know anything about grass 🙂 Thanks for any help.

New Sod
Turf Builder Fertilizer

Upcoming Events

all-day Intern Training – Botany @ Zoom
Intern Training – Botany @ Zoom
Jan 28 – Feb 3 all-day
All classes are pre-recorded lectures and will be posted at midnight on Saturdays. Please join us for “Basic Botany.” The focus of this class will be… “Basic Botany: Plant Forms. Parts and Functions,” Dr. Marisa[...]
all-day Intern Training – Plant Identifi... @ Zoom
Intern Training – Plant Identifi... @ Zoom
Feb 4 – Feb 10 all-day
All classes are pre-recorded lectures and will be posted at midnight on Saturdays. Please join us for “Plant Identification,” presented by Lynda Garvin, Extension Master Gardener Program Manager. The focus of this class will be[...]
10:00 am Raised Bed Gardening @ Esther Bone Library
Raised Bed Gardening @ Esther Bone Library
Feb 7 @ 10:00 am – 11:00 am
Learn about Raised Bed Gardening as part of the Gardening with the Masters series. Presenter: Kevin Konentzi Description: A major advantage of raised bed gardening is the ability to extend your growing season. If you[...]
all-day Think Trees 2023, An Urban Tree ... @ Embassy Suites by Hilton, Albuquerque
Think Trees 2023, An Urban Tree ... @ Embassy Suites by Hilton, Albuquerque
Feb 9 – Feb 10 all-day
Think Trees 2023: Drought, Wildfire & Resilience An Urban Tree Care Conference Advance your understanding and training while obtaining continuing education units (CEUs) from the International Society of Arboriculture (ISA), New Mexico Department of Agriculture[...]
6:00 pm Intern Training – Weekly Q & A S... @ Zoom
Intern Training – Weekly Q & A S... @ Zoom
Feb 9 @ 6:00 pm – 7:30 pm
Intern training Question and Answer (Q&A) sessions are held every Thursday evening from 6:00 pm-7:30 pm beginning January 12, 2023 and concluding April 20, 2023. Zoom link will be provided to interns and Master Gardeners[...]
all-day Intern Training – Entomology @ Zoom
Intern Training – Entomology @ Zoom
Feb 11 – Feb 17 all-day
All classes are pre-recorded lectures and will be posted at midnight on Saturdays. Please join us for “Entomology,” Dr. Joanie King, Extension Entomologist. The focus of this class will be on … Entomology How to[...]

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